IPE
 
 

Apurímac: Anemia se reduce, pero aún afecta a casi la mitad de los menores de 3 años

Informe IPE – Diario Chaski (Apurímac)

Según las últimas cifras de la Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar (ENDES), la prevalencia de anemia en niños entre 6 a 35 meses en Apurímac

presentó una notable reducción de 5.3 puntos porcentuales al pasar de 53.2% en 2018 a 47.9% en 2019. Sin embargo, este decrecimiento no ha sido suficiente pues aún se ubica por encima del promedio nacional (40.1%). En ese sentido, y dado el escenario incierto por el COVID-19, es importante analizar las características de la anemia en la región.

Entendiendo a la anemia
La anemia es el déficit de hemoglobina en la sangre causado principalmente por una inadecuada ingesta de micronutrientes como el hierro (OMS 2017). A nivel nacional, esta ha mostrado una reducción de 43.5% en 2018 a 40.1% en 2019, logrando que alrededor de 43 mil niños dejen esta condición.

A pesar de la reducción de la anemia en niños, Apurímac se posiciona como la novena región con mayor nivel de anemia a nivel nacional. Por su lado, al analizar regiones limítrofes se observa grandes diferencias. Mientras que Cuzco, segunda región con mayor tasa, la prevalencia de anemia alcanza el 57.4%; en Arequipa, cuarta región con menor nivel, el porcentaje es de solo 33.9%. En contraste, Ayacucho presenta un porcentaje de 45.0%, un nivel muy cercano al de Apurímac.

Brechas asociadas a la prevalencia de anemia
Los resultados de la Endes 2019 muestran que los niños que viven en mayores condiciones de vulnerabilidad presentan mayores tasas de anemia. Así, para el 20% de las familias con mayores ingresos, la tasa de anemia en menores de 3 años es de 24%. En tanto, entre el 20% que menos gana, la proporción más que se duplica y alcanza el 51%. Asimismo, la tasa de anemia entre los niños que viven en zonas rurales es de 49%, mientras que el porcentaje en las zonas urbanas es de 36.7%.

No obstante, también se presentan diferencias dentro de un mismo hogar: el porcentaje de anemia aumenta a medida que lo hace el orden de nacimiento del niño. Así, para los niños primogénitos, el porcentaje de anemia es de 37.8%, mientras que, para los niños en sexto orden de nacimiento a más, el porcentaje asciende a 52.5%. Al respecto, según un estudio de Fernández-Oliva (2015), el nivel de anemia de un niño se ve afectado de manera significativa por el orden en el que nació.

Efectos sobre desarrollo económico
La prevalencia de anemia en el país es preocupante debido a sus efectos en el desarrollo de los niños en el largo plazo. Los niños que presentan anemia en sus primeros años de vida suelen presentar un menor desarrollo cognitivo, lo que, a la vez, se relaciona con un menor nivel educativo alcanzado. Asimismo, el menor acceso a educación afectaría la productividad y con ello, el crecimiento económico del país. Al respecto, la investigadora Lorena Alcázar, de Grade, encuentra que la prevalencia de anemia, debido a sus diversos efectos, genera un costo a la sociedad equivalente al 0.6% del PBI, es decir, casi 3 mil millones de soles.

76 comentarios

  • Enlace al Comentario Michaelamova Jueves, 10 Noviembre 2022 02:08 publicado por Michaelamova

    https://avelilav.com/activity/p/16919/ Bitstarz australia review The game starts when you, the dealer and other players receive one card, and then the second one With one exception, if your two cards are face up and immediately visible, then the dealer can see only one card, while the second is face down.Here are the top 5 which have made the cut: CryptoWild Casino.Daily free spins Top-notch customer support Secure Read Review. https://wcfmalaysia.com/activity/p/4023/ Bitstarz bono sin depГіsito 20 ilmaiskierroksia With a user-friendly and straightforward interface, players can easily find their game of choice in just a couple of clicks.Your first deposit will be matched 100% for amounts up to 1BTC, while the second and third deposits get matched 50% and 75% respectively, up to a maximum of 0. https://nation.com.ng/activity/p/4021/ Download offline desktop free slots

  • Enlace al Comentario Michaelamova Jueves, 10 Noviembre 2022 01:40 publicado por Michaelamova

    https://arranged.club/activity/p/10052/ Code bonus sans depot bitstarz In these places, you have to send a quick chat message/email to the casino support team to claim your bonus.Players are granted free spins if they fulfil certain conditions on the selected slots, such as winning a specified amount of BTC or playing a certain number of spins.While researching for our review, we had to satisfy ourselves with the answers to FAQs we found on the website. https://nation.com.ng/activity/p/3059/ Encore casino slot machines The majority of these mobile sites can be accessed through a web browser on such devices, so long as the operating systems are up to date on them.In order to gamble on a Bitcoin casino, you need to learn how to buy Bitcoins in the first place, right? https://grabadeal.us/activity/p/131/ Free spins spins royal ace casino

  • Enlace al Comentario Michaelamova Martes, 08 Noviembre 2022 19:51 publicado por Michaelamova

    https://vrbnik.eu/activity/p/3148/ Huge jackpot slot machine winners The first deposit bonus applies to both crypto and fiat currency deposits.There is no unnecessary fluff or distractions.Aside from these two common bonuses, the best Bitcoin casinos UK also roll out various promotions that prove to be highly beneficial. https://www.torontohoardingnetwork.ca/activity/p/30305/ Slot machine pay outs ameristar black hawk Just follow these simple steps to initiate the process: Visit the ZeroEdge Bet website Fill in the easy application form Send your Zerocoins to bankroll.Not typical of US-looking casinos, the casino is incredibly quick in processing payment, usually under 24 hours. https://easyearninglinks.com/activity/p/15333/ Poker straight jack queen king ace two

  • Enlace al Comentario Michaelamova Martes, 08 Noviembre 2022 19:37 publicado por Michaelamova

    http://admswogud.cafe24.com/activity/p/222464/ Poker em campo grande ms As we mentioned before, there is the issue of Bitcoin payments being irreversible for starters.BitcoinPenguin offers a first deposit bonus to all players who choose to sign up and play with them.However, other cryptocurrencies are accepted and available for withdrawal – namely, Litecoin, Dogecoin, and Ethereum. https://remihill.net/activity/p/121564/ Royal ace casino no bonus codes Our casino reviews will always explain the bonuses so you can understand them easily.Variety of excellent games High-quality software providers Live casino option Instant games Generous bonuses. https://agolancer.com/activity/p/1510/ Bitstarz casino ingen insättningsbonus

  • Enlace al Comentario Michaelamova Martes, 08 Noviembre 2022 19:22 publicado por Michaelamova

    https://genplantlatam.com/activity-2/p/2257/ Bitcoin casino payments Thanks to its clean layout, fast loading times, and huge game selection, this casino has managed to earn its spot in the extremely competitive gaming market.Slot games includes many variations of slot or fruit machines.The best thing about bitcoin gambling is privacy. https://www.purvanchaltimes.in/activity/p/8164/ Pocket pikachu slot game You are sure to get real pleasures of your favorite slots.Therefore the government made Bitcoins taxable without considering it being tangible money. https://chef.goldmaster.com.tr/activity/p/277891/ Bitstarz ЕѕГЎdnГЅ vkladovГЅ bonus codes for existing users

  • Enlace al Comentario Michaelamova Martes, 08 Noviembre 2022 03:45 publicado por Michaelamova

    https://vrbnik.eu/activity/p/2350/ Event hard rock casino november 10 As soon as you add funds to your account, PlayAmo matches those funds 100% up to a maximum of $100 (in BTC countervalue, if you play with Bitcoins).This is the legendary CryptoGames slot game.Casino Adrenaline accepts five cryptocurrencies. https://agme-pbs.org/activity/p/8621/ Slot machine sale in phoenix One study seems to suggest that while taxpayers may have an obligation to file 8949s along with their Schedule D, many do not.Such freebies, whether cash or in the form of free games, are a kind gesture, and you should exploit them. https://www.torontohoardingnetwork.ca/activity/p/30134/ Bitstarz promo code september 2021

  • Enlace al Comentario Michaelamova Martes, 08 Noviembre 2022 03:17 publicado por Michaelamova

    https://yessdo.com/activity/p/1778/ Bitcoin slots heaven no deposit promo code While the minimum deposit limit/transaction for Bitcoin is 0.Roulette is a random number game where you spin the little wheel , as the game’s name in French goes.The ‘keys’ we referred to are the public key – basically the address of your wallet and ensures that you are the owner and able to receive bitcoins. https://gamesukstudios.co.uk/activity/p/467/ Country club casino casinos australia Besides that, TrueFlip has its own in-house team of game providers who have created six high-quality aquatic-themed titles.The other two types of Bitcoin wallet we previously mentioned don’t require you to download anything else. https://tucsonyoungprofessionals.com/activity/p/47999/ 888 50 free spins

  • Enlace al Comentario Michaelamova Lunes, 07 Noviembre 2022 12:08 publicado por Michaelamova

    https://whatgetsmehappy.com/activity/p/5171/ Can gambling ruin your life Highly informative player’s forum Provably fair games Unique bonuses Read Review.Payments get free bitcoin cash pettily To Partners Not Deductible For NYC UBT Purposes February 12, 2013 Volume 7 Issue 29 Print Report Petitioners, MKM and MKQ, are eachlimited liability companies engaged in the business of performing real estate brokerage services?It is player`s / investor's obligation to ensure compliance with any legislation relevant to player's / investor's / trader's country of domicile regarding online gambling / investing / trading. https://al3ab-banat.net/activity/p/127224/ Vip lounge casino no deposit bonus codes Instead of going to the mall, we can shop for stuff online.Then you have total of 200 mBTC to play with. https://managefoodandhealth.com/activity/p/2221/ Caesars casino free online games

  • Enlace al Comentario Michaelamova Lunes, 07 Noviembre 2022 11:52 publicado por Michaelamova

    https://innerlightcounselingllc.com/activity/p/1764/ Free slot machine games to play for fun The official website of Cbet casino is cbet.Like most sites, Cloudbet also offers customer service via email.Here, both newcomers and players with a long-standing history on the platform have bonuses they can use. https://musiccurrent.shop/activity/p/27684/ Promo code bitstarz 2021 Casino Adrenaline is regulated under a license from the government of Curacao and uses SSL encryption to ensure safety and security.Play Bitcoin roulette, Bitcoin blackjack, and Bitcoin baccarat. https://ukdtr.co.uk/ukdtr-members-activity/p/829/ Free poker online for android

  • Enlace al Comentario Michaelamova Lunes, 07 Noviembre 2022 11:37 publicado por Michaelamova

    https://sohojmarriage.com/activity/p/635/ Bitstarz žádný vkladový bonus 20 бесплатные вращения Joo Casino holds a gambling licence from the government of Curacao.You’ll also find a ton of live casino games such as slots, poker, roulette, and blackjack.All they need to do is deposit at least 10 mBTC. https://tutorblogs.com/activity/p/35589/ Custom maps cod waw poker But we are quite happy that BitStarz proved us wrong in every way.Bonus total is 0. https://member.asiatrucker.com/activity/p/9739/ Bitstarz japan

Deja un comentario

Asegúrese de introducir toda la información requerida, indicada por un asterisco (*). No se permite código HTML.

Noticias destacadas